Chapter 16 : Daivasur-Sampdvibhag Yog |
Personality of Godhead said: Fearlessness; purification of one's existence;
cultivation of spiritual knowledge; charity; self-control; performance
of sacrifice; study of the Vedas; austerity; simplicity; nonviolence; truthfulness;
freedom from anger; renunciation; tranquillity; aversion to faultfinding;
compassion for all living entities; freedom from covetousness; gentleness;
modesty; steady determination; vigor; forgiveness; fortitude; cleanliness;
and freedom from envy and from the passion for honor -- these transcendental
qualities, O son of Bharata, belong to godly men endowed with divine nature.
conceit, anger, harshness and ignorance -- these qualities belong to those
of demoniac nature, O son of Prtha.
qualities are conducive to liberation, whereas the demoniac qualities make
for bondage. Do not worry, O son of Pandu, for you are born with the divine
O son of Prtha,
in this world there are two kinds of created beings. One is called the
divine and the other demoniac. I have already explained to you at length
the divine qualities. Now hear from Me of the demoniac.
are demoniac do not know what is to be done and what is not to be done.
Neither cleanliness nor proper behavior nor truth is found in them.
They say that
this world is unreal, with no foundation, no God in control. They say it
is produced of sex desire and has no cause other than lust.
such conclusions, the demoniac, who are lost to themselves and who have
no intelligence, engage in unbeneficial, horrible works meant to destroy
of insatiable lust and absorbed in the conceit of pride and false prestige,
the demoniac, thus illusioned, are always sworn to unclean work, attracted
by the impermanent.
that to gratify the senses is the prime necessity of human civilization.
Thus until the end of life their anxiety is immeasurable. Bound by a network
of hundreds of thousands of desires and absorbed in lust and anger, they
secure money by illegal means for sense gratification.
person thinks: "So much wealth do I have today, and I will gain more according
to my schemes. So much is mine now, and it will increase in the future,
more and more. He is my enemy, and I have killed him, and my other enemies
will also be killed. I am the lord of everything. I am the enjoyer. I am
perfect, powerful and happy. I am the richest man, surrounded by aristocratic
relatives. There is none so powerful and happy as I am. I shall perform
sacrifices, I shall give some charity, and thus I shall rejoice." In this
way, such persons are deluded by ignorance.
by various anxieties and bound by a network of illusions, they become too
strongly attached to sense enjoyment and fall down into hell.
and always impudent, deluded by wealth and false prestige, they sometimes
proudly perform sacrifices in name only, without following any rules or
by false ego, strength, pride, lust and anger, the demons become envious
of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is situated in their own bodies
and in the bodies of others, and blaspheme against the real religion.
are envious and mischievous, who are the lowest among men, I perpetually
cast into the ocean of material existence, into various demoniac species
repeated birth amongst the species of demoniac life, O son of Kunti, such
persons can never approach Me. Gradually they sink down to the most abominable
type of existence.
three gates leading to this hell -- lust, anger and greed. Every sane man
should give these up, for they lead to the degradation of the soul.
The man who
has escaped these three gates of hell, O son of Kunti, performs acts conducive
to self-realization and thus gradually attains the supreme destination.
He who discards
scriptural injunctions and acts according to his own whims attains neither
perfection, nor happiness, nor the supreme destination.
therefore understand what is duty and what is not duty by the regulations
of the scriptures. Knowing such rules and regulations, one should act so
that he may gradually be elevated.