Chapter 6 : Dhyan Yog |
Personality of Godhead said: One who is unattached to the fruits of his
work and who works as he is obligated is in the renounced order of life,
and he is the true mystic, not he who lights no fire and performs no duty.
What is called
renunciation you should know to be the same as yoga, or linking oneself
with the Supreme, O son of Pandu, for one can never become a yogi unless
he renounces the desire for sense gratification.
For one who
is a neophyte in the eightfold yoga system, work is said to be the means;
and for one who is already elevated in yoga, cessation of all material
activities is said to be the means.
A person is
said to be elevated in yoga when, having renounced all material desires,
he neither acts for sense gratification nor engages in fruitive activities.
One must deliver
himself with the help of his mind, and not degrade himself. The mind is
the friend of the conditioned soul, and his enemy as well.
For him who
has conquered the mind, the mind is the best of friends; but for one who
has failed to do so, his mind will remain the greatest enemy.
For one who
has conquered the mind, the Supersoul is already reached, for he has attained
tranquillity. To such a man happiness and distress, heat and cold, honor
and dishonor are all the same.
A person is
said to be established in self-realization and is called a yogi [or mystic]
when he is fully satisfied by virtue of acquired knowledge and realization.
Such a person is situated in transcendence and is self-controlled. He sees
everything -- whether it be pebbles, stones or gold -- as the same.
A person is
considered still further advanced when he regards honest well-wishers,
affectionate benefactors, the neutral, mediators, the envious, friends
and enemies, the pious and the sinners all with an equal mind.
should always engage his body, mind and self in relationship with the Supreme;
he should live alone in a secluded place and should always carefully control
his mind. He should be free from desires and feelings of possessiveness.
yoga, one should go to a secluded place and should lay kusa grass on the
ground and then cover it with a deerskin and a soft cloth. The seat should
be neither too high nor too low and should be situated in a sacred place.
The yogi should then sit on it very firmly and practice yoga to purify
the heart by controlling his mind, senses and activities and fixing the
mind on one point.
hold one's body, neck and head erect in a straight line and stare steadily
at the tip of the nose. Thus, with an unagitated, subdued mind, devoid
of fear, completely free from sex life, one should meditate upon Me within
the heart and make Me the ultimate goal of life.
constant control of the body, mind and activities, the mystic transcendentalist,
his mind regulated, attains to the kingdom of God [or the abode of Krishna]
by cessation of material existence.
There is no
possibility of one's becoming a yogi, O Arjuna, if one eats too much or
eats too little, sleeps too much or does not sleep enough.
He who is
regulated in his habits of eating, sleeping, recreation and work can mitigate
all material pains by practicing the yoga system.
When the yogi,
by practice of yoga, disciplines his mental activities and becomes situated
in transcendence -- devoid of all material desires -- he is said to be
well established in yoga.
As a lamp
in a windless place does not waver, so the transcendentalist, whose mind
is controlled, remains always steady in his meditation on the transcendent
In the stage
of perfection called trance, or samadhi, one's mind is completely restrained
from material mental activities by practice of yoga. This perfection is
characterized by one's ability to see the self by the pure mind and to
relish and rejoice in the self. In that joyous state, one is situated in
boundless transcendental happiness, realized through transcendental senses.
Established thus, one never departs from the truth, and upon gaining this
he thinks there is no greater gain. Being situated in such a position,
one is never shaken, even in the midst of greatest difficulty. This indeed
is actual freedom from all miseries arising from material contact.
engage oneself in the practice of yoga with determination and faith and
not be deviated from the path. One should abandon, without exception, all
material desires born of mental speculation and thus control all the senses
on all sides by the mind.
step by step, one should become situated in trance by means of intelligence
sustained by full conviction, and thus the mind should be fixed on the
self alone and should think of nothing else.
the mind wanders due to its flickering and unsteady nature, one must certainly
withdraw it and bring it back under the control of the self.
The yogi whose
mind is fixed on Me verily attains the highest perfection of transcendental
happiness. He is beyond the mode of passion, he realizes his qualitative
identity with the Supreme, and thus he is freed from all reactions to past
Thus the self-controlled
yogi, constantly engaged in yoga practice, becomes free from all material
contamination and achieves the highest stage of perfect happiness in transcendental
loving service to the Lord.
A true yogi
observes Me in all beings and also sees every being in Me. Indeed, the
self-realized person sees Me, the same Supreme Lord, everywhere.
For one who
sees Me everywhere and sees everything in Me, I am never lost, nor is he
ever lost to Me.
Such a yogi,
who engages in the worshipful service of the Supersoul, knowing that I
and the Supersoul are one, remains always in Me in all circumstances.
He is a perfect
yogi who, by comparison to his own self, sees the true equality of all
beings, in both their happiness and their distress, O Arjuna!
O Madhusudana, the system of yoga which You have summarized appears impractical
and unendurable to me, for the mind is restless and unsteady.
For the mind
is restless, turbulent, obstinate and very strong, O Krishna, and to subdue
it, I think, is more difficult than controlling the wind.
Lord Sri Krishna
said: O mighty-armed son of Kunti, it is undoubtedly very difficult to
curb the restless mind, but it is possible by suitable practice and by
For one whose
mind is unbridled, self-realization is difficult work. But he whose mind
is controlled and who strives by appropriate means is assured of success.
That is My opinion.
O Krishna, what is the destination of the unsuccessful transcendentalist,
who in the beginning takes to the process of self-realization with faith
but who later desists due to worldly-mindedness and thus does not attain
perfection in mysticism?
Krishna, does not such a man, who is bewildered from the path of transcendence,
fall away from both spiritual and material success and perish like a riven
cloud, with no position in any sphere?
This is my
doubt, O Krishna, and I ask You to dispel it completely. But for You, no
one is to be found who can destroy this doubt.
Personality of Godhead said: Son of Prtha, a transcendentalist engaged
in auspicious activities does not meet with destruction either in this
world or in the spiritual world; one who does good, My friend, is never
overcome by evil.
yogi, after many, many years of enjoyment on the planets of the pious living
entities, is born into a family of righteous people, or into a family of
Or [if unsuccessful
after long practice of yoga] he takes his birth in a family of transcendentalists
who are surely great in wisdom. Certainly, such a birth is rare in this
such a birth, he revives the divine consciousness of his previous life,
and he again tries to make further progress in order to achieve complete
success, O son of Kuru.
of the divine consciousness of his previous life, he automatically becomes
attracted to the yogic principles -- even without seeking them. Such an
inquisitive transcendentalist stands always above the ritualistic principles
of the scriptures.
And when the
yogi engages himself with sincere endeavor in making further progress,
being washed of all contaminations, then ultimately, achieving perfection
after many, many births of practice, he attains the supreme goal.
A yogi is
greater than the ascetic, greater than the empiricist and greater than
the fruitive worker. Therefore, O Arjuna, in all circumstances, be a yogi.
And of all
yogis, the one with great faith who always abides in Me, thinks of Me within
himself, and renders transcendental loving service to Me -- he is the most
intimately united with Me in yoga and is the highest of all. That is My